Skip to content

PESTLE Analysis & How To Use It Effectively

A PESTLE analysis is a critical concept used in marketing principles and is often referred to only as a PEST analysis. Fundamentally, a PESTLE analysis is a tool used by companies to understand the broader environment in which their business is operating. It helps them strategize and develop plans for success in their specific field. In this post, we look at the external influences on an organization that are examined through a PESTLE analysis and understand how to use PESTLE effectively in your business.

What is PESTLE?

A PESTLE analysis is a critical strategic management tool used by businesses to identify and analyse critical external influences on their company and the broader environment in which their business operates. Specifically, a PESTLE analysis examines opportunities and threats in relation to the following areas:

Once threats and opportunities have been identified concerning each of these outside areas of influence, and a business analysis has been conducted, companies use the information gathered to inform strategy and improve decision-making.

The output from a PESTLE analysis is often used as part of a broader company strategy to improve decision-making and inform discussion about market opportunities and is used in conjunction with other tools such as SWOT, SOAR, and risk assessments.

There are different variants of this model as other industries have tailored it to meet their requirements, but this post is focused on exploring PESTLE as defined in this introduction. We’re now going to examine the six influences individually.


The first area identified in a PESTLE analysis is political. As you might imagine, this refers to the extent to which the government in the country where the business is operating might influence the economy or specific laws that impact the business. For example, the government might impose a new tax, meaning revenue-generating activities are significantly reduced, causing significant business problems in particular sectors. Furthermore, political factors also include elections and referenda, each of which is likely to influence the way a business operates and must be considered when developing a business strategy.


The second element of a PESTLE analysis is economic. In some instances, this overlaps with politics as many economic factors originate from government policy. However, in addition to this, an economic analysis monitors many market factors such as inflation rates, interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and economic growth patterns. Understanding the economy in which your business operates is vital for its success, and failure to do so can be catastrophic for your business.


The social/sociocultural element of a PESTLE analysis identifies trends concerning cultural norms and expectations. Specifically, this includes demographics, population growth rates, age distribution, citizen attitudes, and many other factors that contribute to society’s fabric. A business must understand the dynamics of the culture in which they operate to ensure they deliver a service or product their customers require.


New technologies are emerging every year, many of which can significantly improve the way business is conducted and managed. Understanding advances in technology significantly Improves your business’s competitiveness and Allows you to ascertain any potential challenges you may face in the future. The PESTLE analysis’s technological element is also concerned with innovations in regard to research and development, which is equally as important when strategizing the future of your business.


For your company to be successful, you must ensure it is legally compliant. This is important at the start of your business, but laws change. As a business owner, it’s your responsibility to understand the rules and regulations associated with running your business. There are regular changes in the law regarding things like employment terms and taxes, so you must ensure your business is well-read on all legal issues and is compliant in order to operate successfully.


The last element of PESTLE is perhaps the area most ignored by businesses globally, but it’s imperative. When conducting a review of your company, it’s critical to understand the wider environmental arena in which you operate. In the modern-day, global warming is one of the biggest environmental concerns, so recognizing this and Developing a sustainable strategy is essential. Moreover, pandemics and other emergencies should be planned for as part of environmental awareness.

How to conduct a PESTLE analysis

Now we’ve examined PESTLE’s critical elements, let’s look at how to conduct a PESTLE analysis for your business. The first step is to (1) Identify the scope of your research and create a template for performing the necessary research. It would be best to decide how the information you require is collected and who is responsible for gathering the data. It’s an excellent idea to have more than one person gather data, as it is usually richer as a result.

The next step is actually to (2) Gather the information by using a template. You can download a PESTLE template from many resources online, such as CIPD. Once you have collected your data, it’s time to analyse your findings and make sense of them to inform your business strategy and operations. It will become clear which of the PESTLE areas are most influential in your business operations, and you can then Conduct risk assessments and conduct SWOT analyses accordingly.

It’s essential to involve as many stakeholders in this process as possible, get a wide variety of opinions, and benefit from differing expertise. You should then develop a discussion document for all stakeholders and company directors and then share your findings with the relevant people within your business. At this stage, you should agree upon any actions that need to be taken and identify any elements that need to be reviewed periodically.

To be most effective, a PESTLE analysis should be a collaborative task that is done more than once over a period of time. After completing a PESTLE analysis, you can be confident that your business will be in a much stronger position in the future.

To learn how OKRs can help take your team to the next level, enroll in our OKR Mastery course and earn a 35% commission when you invite others to join this course!

Related HRM OKR Articles

Get a free, full-feature trial of
DoerHRM OKR Software for 14 days

No credit card required.

Start using DoerHRM today!